is3 (is3) wrote,

More than 100 years ago in imperial encyclopedic dictionaries:
Neplatelschiki (the Nonpayers) are a sect that appeared after the liberation of peasants in the Krasnoufimsky district of the Perm province, rejecting ritualism and payment of taxes.

Энциклопедический словарь
Брокгауза и Ефрона

Неплательщики — беспоповщинская секта, появившаяся в 60-х годах настоящего столетия в Красноуфимском уезде Пермской губернии (на заводах Нижне- и Верхне-Сергинских, Михайловском, Атигском и др.). Н. отвергают установленные власти, отказываются от уплаты податей и исполнения разных государственных повинностей. Сначала секта Н. была немногочисленна и проявляла себя в виде легкой оппозиции против сельского и волостного начальства при сборе податей, но затем стала постепенно усиливаться, и с введением всеобщей повинности случаи неподчинения распоряжениям властей стали повторяться с большей силой. К строгим мерам власти Н. относились со стоическим хладнокровием, видя в них испытание, посылаемое свыше. Убеждения духовенства подчиняться распоряжениям гражданской власти вооружили против него Н. и имели последствием разрыв Н. с церковью и отрицание всякой обрядности. Признавая одно верховное существо — Бога, Н. отвергают почитание святых, богослужение, таинства, не совершают крестного знамения, не носят на себе креста, не признают постов и т. д. Общественное богослужение заменяется у Н. домашними, частными собраниями, на которых читаются Евангелие, Библия, творения Кирилла Иерусалимского, Ефрема Сирина и др.

Encyclopedic Dictionary
Brockhaus and Efron

The Nonpayers are a bezpopovsky sect that appeared in the Krasnoufimsky district of the Perm province (at the Nizhne-Verkhne-Serginsky factories, Mikhailovsky, Atigsky and others). The Nonpayers reject established authorities, refuse to pay taxes and fulfill various state duties. At first, the Nonpayers sect was few and manifested itself in the form of light opposition against the rural and volost authorities in collecting taxes, but then began to gradually increase, and with the introduction of compulsory service, cases of insubordination to the orders of the authorities began to repeate with greater force. To strict measures of power the Nonpayers treated with stoic composure, seeing in them a test sent from above. The convictions of the clergy to obey the orders of the civil authorities armed the Nonpayers against them and, as a result, had caused the Nonpayers to break with the church and the denial of all rituals. Recognizing one supreme being - God, The Nonpayers reject veneration of saints, worship, sacraments, do not sign the cross, do not wear a cross, do not recognize fasting, etc. Public worship is replaced by the Nonpayers to home, private unites, which read the Gospel, the Bible, the works of Cyril of Jerusalem, Ephraim the Syrian, and others.

Nedoimka (arrears) is a part of payments to the state or local public institutions, which the payer has not paid by the due date. Nedoimka is a common phenomenon of Russian life, which has reached a particularly huge size in recent years, it exceeds the annual salary in many provinces by several times. The overdue payments resulting in repayment of loans and interest payments are also called Nedoimka.


#bezpopovtsy #christianity #colonialism #dictionary #nonpayers #oldbelievers #orthodoxy #past #perm #revision #russia #sect #taxes #tradition
Tags: #christianity, #colonialism, #dictionary, #nonpayers, #oldbelievers, #orthodoxy, #past, #perm, #revision, #russia, #sect, #taxes, #tradition

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